Planning functions of management

Motivation — As mentioned above, big part of directing is about inspiring and motivating your employees. The management planning process helps your company through the steps of defining a desired outcome and developing a strategy to achieve it.

Motivate Once planning has been established and organization has begun, motivation becomes necessary to carry out said plans and maintain the established organization. Planners must Planning functions of management attempt to forecast future conditions.

Directing has an important role in an organization as it helps strengthen the operational capability of the organization.

By studying the above, you have hopefully identified the areas you need to develop and gain more knowledge. It is not a mere guesswork but has its roots in the process of deep thinking. The planners should take help of various quantitative techniques to judge the stability of an alternative.

Planning is a continuous process — Planning is a never ending function due to the dynamic environment which normally exist in the organization. The typical day in the life of a manager Planning functions of management any level can be fragmented and hectic, with the constant threat of having priorities dictated by the law of the trivial many and important few i.

Organizing at the level of the organization involves deciding how best to departmentalize, or cluster, jobs into departments to coordinate effort effectively. Directing The fourth function is known as directing, sometimes also referred to as the influencing or the leading function of management.

For example, if more inventory is needed but the company doesn't have the financial resources to obtain the inventory, then the priority is to tackle the financial need. The plan does the synthesis of forecast and requires glancing in the future, analyzing it and predicting it.

You need a lot of knowledge and flexibility in order to plan activities effectively. It is to find out what obstacles are there in the way of business during the course of operations.

Management needs to identify key staff positions, and to ensure that the proper talent is serving that specific job duty. Why is controlling essential? Planning is an intellectual process — Planning is an exercise which involves creative thinking, foresight, sound judgement and imagination.

It is a systematic activity which determines when, how and who is going to perform a specific job. Planning and economical operations — Planning helps the organization towards its economical operations since it leads to orderly allocation of resources for the various operations.

The function is about creating a detailed plan towards achieving a specific organizational objective. As with your interview, the risk of not knowing anything about the company or giving an incoherent answer is higher than if you had planned your answers a little.

It avoids duplication of the efforts and hence leads to better co-ordination within the organization. There will be times that long-term planning must take the back seat when short-term planning becomes a necessity or an emergency. Planning prepares organizations for tomorrow by assessing today what an organization wants to accomplish and how it will go about achieving that goal.

You will need to look at the different ways you and the team could achieve this goal. For example, a sales leader is focused on more than only the final sales numbers; he considers the leading activities such as the number of minimum pitches and outbound calls. Not only is a manager a team leader, but he or she is also a planner, organizer, cheerleader, coach, problem solver, and decision maker — all rolled into one.

Planning is a detailed programme regarding future courses of action. Technology has also had a huge impact on company structures, requiring new positions and destroying others. Directing Activities Directing activities is a key function.

It is a preparatory step and consists of chalking out an activity plan for doing the things in an orderly manner for the achievement of the desired targets and objectives. Controlling Systems Controlling systems refers to all the processes that leaders create to monitor success.

A good manager will be able to inspire the workforce to work towards the goals not because they have to do it, but because they are driven to achieve these objectives.

While certain theorists and experts might disagree whether there are three, four, five or six functions, the consensus agrees on the detailed representations of the above skills, processes and structures. Otherwise the activities undertaken are bound to be ineffective.

Hence the process is not suitable for emergencies and crisis situations. Planning minimizes uncertainties — Usually an organization operates in an environment which is full of uncertainties. The comparison helps you to identify the problem areas or notice patterns that are actually working more efficiently.

Planning – A Management Function

You should also consider training programs in terms of succession, as you need to ensure the next generation of managers and leaders is coming through your organization. However, bosses tell people what to do, while leaders motivate people to contribute in meaningful ways.

Planning is the base function, as well as the foundation for management. Organizing is an important function of the five functions of management.Apr 09,  · Planning is deciding in advance what to do and how to is one of the basic managerial functions.


Before doing something, the manager must formulate an idea of Reviews: Good managers discover how to master five basic functions: planning, organizing, staffing, leading, and controlling.

but the amount of time a manager spends on each one depends on both the level of management and the specific organization. Roles performed by managers. Fayol originally set forth five management functions, but management book authors have condensed them to four: planning, organizing, leading and controlling.

The fifth function was staffing. Planning. The most commonly cited functions of management are planning, organizing, leading, and controlling, although some identify additional functions. The functions of management define the process of management as distinct from accounting, finance, marketing, and other business functions.

Management is a set of principles relating to the functions of planning, organizing, directing, and controlling, and the applications of these principles in harnessing physical, financial, human and informational resources efficiently and effectively to achieve organizational goals.

Good managers discover how to master five basic functions: planning, organizing, staffing, leading, and controlling.

but the amount of time a manager spends on each one depends on both the level of management and the specific organization. Roles performed by managers.

Planning functions of management
Rated 3/5 based on 12 review